Introduction to Legal Concepts

Course Overview

This course teaches students about courts, crime, and controversy, law and crime, state courts, arrest to arraignment, trials and juries, appellate courts, and legal terminology.

Course Introduction-1m

Lesson 01Legal Secretary Introduction 19m
Legal Secretary Introduction
Legal Secretary
Potential Careers
Legal Secretary Job Functions
Required Traits
Demo – Legal Secretary Resume
Employment Outlook
Lesson 01 Review

Lesson 02Courts, Crime, and Controversy 1h 2m
Courts, Crime, and Controversy
The Courts and the Criminal Justice System
U.S. Courts
A Typical Courthouse
A Typical Courtroom
The Jury Box
U.S. Supreme Court
U.S. Supreme Court Interior
Trial Courts
Appellate Courts
U.S. Supreme Court (Cont.)
Actors in the Courthouse
Defense Attorneys
Criminal vs Civil Court Cases
The Steps in the Criminal Judicial Process
The Steps in a Typical Felony Prosecution
Initial Appearance
Grand Jury
Demo – Sample Entry of Appearance
Preliminary Hearing
Pretrial Motions
Plea Negotiations
Demo – Sample Plea Agreement
Law on the Books and Law in Action
Law on the Books
Law in Action
The Crime Control Model and the Due Process Model
Crime Control vs. Due Process
The Crime Control Model
The Due Process Model
Lesson 02 Review

Lesson 03 – Law and Crime 55m
Law and Crime
The Basis of American Law
Common Law Heritage
The Casey Anthony Case
Common Law Heritage (Cont.)
Multiple Sources of Law
Judge-Made Law
Based on Precedent
Case Reporters
Federal Reporter Names
Sample State Reporters
Reporter Map
How to Read Legal Citations
Sample Citation
Another Example
Actual Case, 9th Circuit, 2006
Demo – Reading Legal Citations
Sources of American Law
Codes or Statutes
Administrative Rules and Regulations
Judge-Made Law (Cont.)
The Adversary System
Adversary System Safeguards
Levels of \”Proof\”
Presumptions and Inferences
Burden of Proof
Rights of the Accused
Due Process
Criminal Procedure Amendments
Bill of Rights
Types of Civil Disputes
Civil Remedy
Civil Remedies for Fighting Crime
Types of Injunctions
Criminal Law Overview
Differences Between Civil and Criminal Law
The Five Elements of a Crime
Elements Stated in Lay Terms
Criminal Defenses
Characteristics of the Most Common Serious Crimes
Characteristics of the Most Serious Crimes
Lesson 03 Review

Lesson 04 – State Courts 24m
State Courts
State Courts Today
History of State Courts
Four Layers of Typical State Courts
Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdiction
Lower Courts
Demo – Sample Search Warrant
Trial Courts of General Jurisdiction
Intermediate Court of Appeals
Courts of Last Resort
State Supreme Courts
Lesson 04 Review

Lesson 05 – Arrest to Arraignment 35m
Arrest to Arraignment
A Comparison of Type I and Type II UCR Offenses
Crime (Cont.)
Clearance Rates for UCR Type I Offenses
Arrest (Cont.)
Arrest Facts
Initial Appearance
Charging Documents
Charging – Law On The Books
Charging – Law In Action
Charging Tactics
Bail – Law On The Books
Demo – Bail Bond Agreement
Bail – Law In Action
Forms of Bail
Effects Of The Bail System
Bench Warrants
Bail – Case Disposition
Preventive Detention
Bail Agents and Bounty Hunters
Preliminary Hearing
Preliminary Hearing – Law On The Books
Grand Jury
Variability in State Use of Grand Juries
Grand Jury – Law On The Books
Grand Jury – Details
Lesson 05 Review

Lesson 06 – Trials and Juries 48m
Trials and Juries
History of Trials by Jury
The Jury
Law on the Books: The Constitution and Trial by Jury
State Provisions on the Size of Criminal Juries
Law on the Books: The Constitution and Trial by Jury (Cont.)
Law on the Books: Selecting a Fair and Unbiased Jury
Master Jury List
Summoning the Venire
Venire Eligibility
Voir Dire – \”Speak the Truth\”
Demo – Voir Dire
Serving On A Jury
Law in Action: Choosing a Jury Biased in Your Favor
Presumptions and the Burden of Proof
Overview of Basic Evidence
Types of Evidence
Overview of Basic Evidence (Cont.)
Objections to the Admission of Evidence
Overview of Basic Evidence (Cont..)
Steps In The Trial Process
Opening Statements
Prosecution’s Case In Chief
Defense Goals
Defense’s Case in Chief
The Defense Presents Its Case
Prosecution Rebuttal
Closing Arguments
Jury Instructions
Jury Deliberations
Demo – Jury Instruction
The Verdict
Post-Verdict Motions
Lesson 06 Review

Lesson 07 – Appellate Courts 29m
Appellate Courts
Nature of the Appellate Process
Limitations on the Right to Appellate Review
Standard of Review
Appellate Court Procedures
Demo – Notice of Appeal
Demo – Sample Double Jeopardy Motion
Appellate Court Procedures (Cont.)
Criminal Appeals
Post-Conviction Review
State Supreme Courts
The U.S. Supreme Court and Criminal Justice Policy
Lesson 07 Review

Lesson 08 – Legal Terminology 34m
Legal Terminology
Demo – The Online Legal Dictionary
Contract Terms
Sample Contract
The \”Reasonable Man\” Doctrine
Reasonable – Courts Decide
Timing – Prompt or Reasonable
Time is of the Essence
Small But Critical Words
Represent – Warrant
Demo – Sample Contract
Breach – Material Breach
Compensatory Damages
Punitive Damages
Nominal Damages
Direct – Consequential
Jurisdiction – Venue
Choice of Law
Termination Clause
Implied or Expressed Waiver
More Quick Terms
Lesson 08 Review

Course Closure

Total Duration: 5h 8m

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